Le rocce scolpite di Dazu - Chongqing, Cina: una valutazione critica dei problemi conservativi di un sito del patrimonio mondiale ed una esperienza personale

Ernesto Borrelli

Abstract


 

 

Abstract

The Dazu Rock Carvings are located in Sichuan province (Chongqing municipality): a sites on the World Heritage List whose majestic rock carvings are of great religious and historical significance. They constitutes one of the most diverse forms of cultural heritage particularly present in China as the Yungang Grottoes , the rock carvings of Longmen and all represent one of the most demanding challenges for their conservation. This paper offer a critical appraisal of the conservation problems of the site, it would be a review on the past and current action to preserve the site, on the scientific research, and on the environmental and geotechnical aspects of conservation. The main feature of this article is scientific, but it is rather the story of a professional fascinating experience of a Western observer and conservationist approaching the Chinese cultural heritage.

The paper includes an updated survey of the literature including an unusual use of repeated citations of a nice old book "The Chinese diary" of the Italian art historian Cesare Brandi, worldwide known as the author of the “Theory of Restoration” and founder (1939) of the Italian Institute for Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage.


Parole chiave


Cina, Dazu, rocce scolpite, conservazione, patrimonio mondiale

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Riferimenti bibliografici


Bibliografia:

Brandi C. (1982), Diario Cinese, Einaudi Ed., Torino

Zhou Hua e altri, (2013), “Evaluation of surface cleaning technology for Yun gang Grottos”, in Science of Conservation and Archaeology, Vol. 25, March, Shanghai.

Brandi C., Op.cit., pag. 5

Dazu Rock Carvings of China (1991), Dazu Rock Carvings Museum in Chongqing, Publisher Wan Li Book Co.

Brandi C., Op. cit. pag. 60

World Heritage Convention (1998), nomination of cultural heritage: Dazu rock carvings, Beijing, China: State Bureau of Cultural Relics,“key indicators for measuring state of conservation”.

Zhang Bing–feng (2010), “Analysis of Quianxi temple’s rock body structure, Longmen Grottoes, Henan province”, in Science of Conservation and Archaeology, Vol. 22, Nov., Shanghai.

“Sustainability of traditional construction materials in modern society”(2011) Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 13, EGU2011-5360,

A preliminary study on rescue conservation project of the statue of Avalokitesyara Bodhisattva in Da Zu rock carvings (2008)

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Dazu rock carvings, Chongqing (2009), Academy of Dazu Rock carvings -- A series of Dazu Studies , 2012 [Chongqing].

Sharing Conservation, Several approaches to the conservation of art made with different materials. Atti del convegno (2011), a cura di Stefania Pandozy. Edizioni Musei Vaticani Città del Vaticano.

Zhou Hua et al. (2012), in Science of Conservation and Archaeology, Vol 24, Nov., Shanghai

Brandi C. (1982), Opera citata. Pag. 6


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